Radio Stations of India

Radio Stations of India

  1. Radio Mirchi (98.3 FM)

Radiomirchi

Radio Mirchi 98.3 FM is a nationwide network of a private FM radio station of India. It is owned by the Entertainment Network India Ltd. which is one of the subscribers of the Times Group. The original avatar of Radio Mirchi is Times FM. It was started in 2001 from Indore, Madhya Pradesh. Currently, Radio Mirchi has a presence in more than 33 cities, including the 6 metros of India and Radio Mirchi is the costliest station in India as they charge more than double of the competition.

  1. My FM (94.3)

my fm

The FM channel launched by Bhaskar Group is operated under the brand name 94.3 My FM through the Subsidiary SMEL. It has a tagline “Jiyo Dil Se”. Currently it operates 17 FM radio stations in Jaipur, Ahmedabad, Chandigarh, Amritsar, Jalandhar, Indore, Bhopal, Gwalior, Udaipur, Ajmer, Surat, Bilaspur and Nagpur, Kota, Jabalpur, and Raipur. My FM concentrate on music, talk shows and other entertainment oriented programs which offer significant interaction with listeners.

3. Big FM (92.7)

big fm

Big FM 92.7 is a nationwide private radio station in India. It mainly plays Bollywood music but Hollywood and regional songs are also played. It broadcasts from 6 am to 12 am in non-metro cities while in metros (Delhi, Mumbai, Bangalore, Chennai, Kolkata) it is 24hours. BIG FM’s main tagline was “Suno Sunao, Life Banao”. This is the only private FM radio station which is being broadcast from Srinagar and Jammu in Jammu & Kashmir state. From July 1, 2008, BIG FM included Singapore, the first city outside India, in its broadcasting network.

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Now its Tagline has been changed “ Dhun Badal Ke Toh Dekho”.

4. Red FM (93.5)

red fm

 Red FM 93.5 is an Indian FM radio brand, with stations broadcasting n the cities of Mumbai, Delhi, Kolkata and Kanpur in addition to Jamshedpur, Bhopal, Gwalior, Jabalpur, Indore, Nashik, Aurangabad, Nagpur, Bangalore, Mysore, Mangalore, Gulbarga, Kochi, Trivandrum, Thrissur, Kannur, Kozhikode, Hyderabad, Vijayawada, Vizag, Warangal, Rajahmundry, Tirupathi, Ahmedabad, Vadodara, Lucknow, Aizwal. Allahabad, Varanasi, Jaipur, Bhubaneswar, Asansol, Siliguri, Gangtok, Guwahati and Shillong. It was launched in 2002, playing a mix of Hindi and English songs. However, the programming is now 100% exclusively Hindi.

  1. Radio City (91.1)

Radio_City_Logo

Radio City is India’s first private FM radio station and was started on 3 July 2001. It broadcasts on 91.1 (earlier 91.0 in most cities) megahertz from Mumbai (where it was started in 2004), Bengaluru (started first in 2001), Lucknow and New Delhi (since 2003). It plays HindiEnglish, and regional songs. It was launched in Hyderabad on March 2006, in Chennai on 7 July 2006 and in Visakhapatnam October 2007. Radio City is an FM radio station in India. It has the tagline “What Fun!”. It broadcasts from Mumbai (from where it started in 2004), Bangalore, Lucknow, New Delhi, Hyderabad, Chennai, and Vishakhapatnam. It plays Hindi songs, English and regional songs. RadioCity has launched Fun Ka Antenna – Online Radio Station, which plays hits across genres including International, Bollywood, Indipop, and Sufi among others. The Chief Executive Officer of Radio City is Ms. Apurva Purohit.

  1. Dhamaal 24 (106.4 FM)

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Dhamaal 24 106.4 FM is a one of a kind radio station on the air in ten stations across the country, launched under the aegis of Broadcast 24 of the B.A.G. Network. It has a tagline “Dhinchak”. On this radio station, you can find popular music, bhajans, ghazals and songs with a local flavor. This makes Dhamaal 24 the one-stop-shop for all music lovers and avid radio listeners. The station brings to you radio programming of a unique style, incomparable to any other station.

  1. Radio One (94.3)

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94.3 Radio one is a joint venture between Next Mediaworks Ltd and BBC worldwide. We operate in 7 Indian metro cities namely Mumbai, Delhi, Kolkata, Chennai, Bangalore, Pune, and Ahmedabad. Radio One’s promise of “maximum music, maximum choice” is changing the way people listen to music on Indian radio. Breaking new ground by playing 13 songs every single hour, it plays at least 1200 more songs more every month. Radio One Jocks are called Music jocks and not Radio jocks because they are passionate music specialists who love music entwined with the sound of their voices.

  1. Fever Fm (104)

Fever104FM

Fever 104 FM – An Online Hindi FM Radio Station is an initiative of HT Media Ltd. in partnership with Virgin Radio. Fever 104 FM Radio uses Hindustan Time’s media strengths in India and Virgin’s Radio global expertise to bring a world-class FM radio station to the listeners across the country. It is available in Delhi (since October 2006), Mumbai (since January 2007), Bangalore (since March 2007) and Kolkata, India (January 2008). Fever FM has podcasts, Bollywood song reviews, contests and more. It gives you the best entertainment and most fun.

  1. Hit FM (95)

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HIT 95 FM is the radio station that knows how to have fun! Featuring a perfect mix of music and talk, with highly popular shows hosted by some of the most well-liked and vibrant RJ’s in town. It is Delhi’s No.1 Hit Music Radio. One of the signatures of the station is the high level of listener involvement and interaction. Every show on the station features a large number of callers, whether it’s for the various fun contests and segments – or even to answer the questions put out on air. In short, Hit 95 FM is the radio station for the people, of the people – and most importantly- by the people of the city.

  1. Radio Indigo (91.9FM)

Indigo_91.9_FM_Official_LOGO

Radio Indigo 91.9 FM is the only International Music radio station of India. Its headquarters is based in Bangalore and was launched in 2006. It is broadcasted mainly in Bangalore but is also available in Goa. Radio Indigo 91.9 FM is not just papas that preach. It’s a time tested and proven formula. Radio Indigo isn’t only Bangalore’s and Goa’s premier international radio station, it’s also the only one. It’s with this great power that it brings all the biggest stars directly to your tuners at your convenience, a preference of the listeners.

 

All India Radio

 Motto:- Bahujanahitaya

              Bahujanasukhaya

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All India Radio is the largest radio network in the world. It reaches approximately 92% of the countries area and 99.19% of the total population. AIR home services comprise 420 stations located across the country.

AIR stands for All India Radio established in 8th June 1936 and came to know as Akashvani ( voice from the sky) in 1956. It is a public broadcaster of India under the division of Prasar Bharti. AIR derives program in 23 Languages and 179 Dialects.

Akashvani term first used by M.V Gopalaswami in the context of radio in 1936 after setting India’s first private radio station in his place Vittal Vihar. Later  Akashvani adopted as AIR on-air name in 1957.

History:-

Broadcasting began on 23rd June 1923 by the radio club of Bombay.on 23rd July 1927 it was launched as a private Indian Broadcasting Company Ltd. (IBC). Bombay station began on 23rd July 1927 and Calcutta Station on 26th August 1927. After radio took over by the Government of India it began as The Indian State Broadcasting Service on 1st April 1930 on experiment basis and permanent on May 1932. It became all India on 8th June 1936.

External service was started in Pushtu on October 1st, 1939. At the time of Indian Independence in 1947 AIR had only six radio stations ( Delhi, Mumbai, Calcutta, Madras, Lucknow, and Tiruchirappalli) apart from this other three radio stations were at Lahore, Peshawar, and Dhaka. It broadcasts Programme in 16 foreign languages and 11 Indian languages.

Vividh Bharti Service was launched on 3rd October 1957 to compete with the radio Ceylon. Television service started as a part of radio in 1959 from Delhi and T.V splits from Radio on 1st April 1976 and became Doordarshan.

Fm broadcasting began on 23rd July 1977 in Chennai. Deccan Radio ( Nizam radio 1932). It was the first radio station of Hyderabad went on air on 3rd February 1935. It was launched by Mir Osman Ali Khan. Now it merges with AIR and became AIR-Hyderabad.

News on Phone started on 25th February 1998 in New Delhi.

  •  Vividh Bharti

It is the best-known service of All India Radio. It is a commercial broadcasting service (CBS). It offers a wide range of broadcasting on Film, news, Short plays, Music, and Comedy. It operates in Medium Wave.

  • Direct- to-Home

All India Radio broadcast various regional and national stations available on DD Free Dish.

  • National Channels of AIR

  • Vividh Bharti
  • FM Rainbow
  • Fm Gold
  • Raagam

Prasar Bharti

 Prasar Bharti is a statutory autonomous body. It was established under the Prasar Bharti Act 1990 and came into existence on 23rd November 1997. It is India’s largest public service broadcasting agency. The objectives of the Prasar Bharti are achieved by its comprising Units All India Radio and Doordarshan television network. Earlier it was under the Ministry of information and broadcasting and since 1997 it became constituents of Prasar Bharti. A. Surya Prakash is an existing chairman of Prasar Bharti.

Different services of Prasar Bharti

 

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  •  All India Radio– All India Radio is India’s public service broadcaster. It is a unit of Prasar Bharti and serving to inform, educate and entertain to its public. its motto is “Bahujan Hitaya: Bahujan Sukhaya“. It is covering nearly 92% of India’s area and 99.19% of the population.
  • Doordarshan- DD is India’s public service TV network. it is replacing its analogous transmitter to digital transmitter. Doordarshan has a three-tier service program- National, Regional, & Local.
  • AIR News- AIR’s news service division is a radio news network of Prasar Bharti. It disseminates news in India and abroad in different languages. Today AIR puts more than 510 bulletins daily in 82 languages and dialects.
  • DD News- DD news is Prasar Bharti’s TV news channel. it is the only terrestrial cum satellite news channel of the country. it was launched on 3rd November 2003 by replacing DD Metro to 24 hrs news channel. its reach is 49% by population & 25% by area. DD news currently producing its content in the language – Hindi, English, Urdu, and Sanskrit.
  • DD Free Dish– the free dish is free to direct to home service of the Prasar Bharti. It receives TV services directly through satellite with a small personal antenna. It was launched in 2004 with 33 channels.
  • DTT– Prasar Bharti has introduced Digital Terrestrial Transmission first time in India. At present Analogue TV, Transmitters serves 88% of the Indian population. For future concern and to increase its capacity of transmission India has adopted DVB standards for its digitalization. In 2008, the 2nd generation DVB T2 standard was launched. It has a high degree of capacity. It has been launched in 63 cities under XI & XII plan.

The Prasar Bharti Bill (1989):

  • The Prasar Bharti bill was introduced in Parliament in May 1979 by the Janta regime. The bill is based on the Verghese Report of 1978 and the Prasar Bharti bill of 1979.
  • The Prasar Bharti bill was in favor of creating a Broadcasting Corporation through an Act of Parliament. On the other hand, Verghese Report wanted a broadcasting autonomy to be a part of the Indian constitution.
  • Verghese report against the Prasar Bharti bill for some reason because it was demanded to pattern the broadcasting system like BBC and Verghese report was against copying blindly the structure and organization of the west institutions.
  • The current bill is closer to the Prasar Bharti bill of 1979 than to the Verghese report’s recommendation.
  • The Bill became an Act in 1990 by the approval of all the parties presented in Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha.

Prasar Bharti Act (1990) :

  • Vardhan committee had re-examined the Prasar Bharti Act (1990). This committee suggested certain recommendations such as Doordarshan must devote its 20% of broadcasting time to social-related programs to each channel and dealing with any controversial issue a program presents its all viewpoints in an impartial manner. In this regard, the government took a step further and draw a National Media policy that will take questions in its account such as decentralization of TV, cross-media ownership, the role of advertising and up linking from India.
  • Further, the Ram Villas Paswan committee was made in 1995 to look after the report. It submitted its 104 pages report with 46 recommendations on public & private electronic media, newspaper, news agencies, and film.
  • The Sengupta committee was set up in 1996 to take another look at the Prasar Bharti Act and asked them to suggest amendments. It submitted its report on August 1996.

The broadcasting bill (1997):

  • The broadcasting bill was introduced in May 1997. A joint parliamentary committee was constituted and headed by Mr. Sharad Pawar. This committee was created to have a glance on the controversial clauses such as licensing procedure, cross-media ownership, the extent of foreign equity to be permitted and up linking services for private satellite channels.
  • This Bill made it compulsory for all the Indian and Foreign channels to transmit their programs from Indian territory.
  • License for satellite channels was granted only to Indian companies and they allowed up to 49% of foreign equity.
  • This bill has banned cross-media ownership. Newspaper publishing houses were allowed to have up to 20% equity in TV, cable companies and foreign ownership.
  • In the direct response to the supreme court of India, the broadcasting bill was introduced to the central government in February 1995.

Broadcasting regulation bill (2007)

  •  The Draft Broadcast Regulation Bill (2007) acknowledge that the airwaves are public property and for that reason, it becomes important to use the airwaves in the national and public interest.
  • This Bill suggested the establishment of The Broadcasting Regulatory Authority (BRAI) as an independent authority.
  • The Cable Television Network (Regulation) Act was continued under this Bill.
  • The public service obligations of Broadcasters under chapter 2(11)
  • The share of content produced in India should not be less than 15% of the total content of a channel broadcast every week.
  • The share of public service/social messages through advertisements should not be less than 10% of total content.
  • The share of service/ socially relevant program content should not be less than 10% of the total content.

The content code :

The draft content of code came out by the Information and Broadcasting along with advertisers and broadcasters. They recommended all the programs would be slotted into three different categories.

  1. Universal (U)
  2. Under parental guidance (U/A)
  3. Adult (A) – if there would be a scene or portion in a program considered adult then the whole program must be considered as such. Adult programs are permitted only from 11 pm to 4 am, and U/A program can be on air after 8 pm.

A broadcast service provides (BSP) have to look after the content categories on the basis of its theme, treatment, subject matter, language, and audiovisual presentation for content regulation.

The content code provides a list of eight themes or subjects.

  1. Crime and Violence
  2. Sex, Obscenity, and Nudity
  3. Horror and Occult
  4. Drugs, Smoking, Tobacco, Solvents, and Alcohol
  5. Libel, Slander, and Defamation
  6. Religion and Community
  7. Harm and Offense
  8. Advertisements and General Restrictions.

 

History of Radio

Short Notes on the History of Radio

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  • World war first induced the industrialization of Wireless Telegraphy. Hams (wireless telegraphy hobbyists) were used widely during the first world war. The first regular broadcasting in the world was started in Pittsburg (USA) in 1920. It was about election news, sporting events, and opera performance.
  • By middle 1923 the USA had 450 stations and all were clubbed together to form a national network, The Columbia Broadcasting (CBS). CBS is an American language commercial broadcast radio and television network. Its headquarter is in New York. Sometime CBS is also called an eye network due to companies iconic symbol.
  • National public radio (NPR), a public service radio was established in 1970. NPR is an American nonprofit membership media organization funded by publically and privately. It is based in Washington, DC.
  • The British government put the initiative to start the BBC in 1920 as an autonomous public service commission.
  • The united states government established the Voice of America in 1942. Its headquarters is in Washington, DC.
  • Radio introduced in India from Radio Club of Bombay :-
  • June 1923- Radio Club of Bombay
  • November 1923- Calcutta Radio Club
  • July 1924- Madras Presidency club
  • Indian Broadcasting has been started officially in 1927, 23rd July as Indian Broadcasting Company by Lord Irwin was the viceroy of India.
  • Calcutta station – 26th August 1927
  • The first license granted for the transmitting a broadcast was given only on February 23rd, 1922.
  • In 1927 Indian Broadcasting Company has been made.
  • Lionel Fielden was India’s first controller of broadcasting.
  • The government-run broadcasting set up was called the Indian state Broadcasting services (ISBS). ISBS was set up under the Department of Industrial and labor (1st April 1930).
  • All India Radio (AIR)- 8th June 1936
  • Akashwani- 1956
  • The first daily news bulletin was introduced in 1936, 19th
  • AIR was transferred to the department of information and Broadcasting in 1946. Till 1997 it acts under I&B.
  • Prasar Bharti Act of 1990
  • Congress Radio:
  • At the time of Quit India movement, a group of young congress freedom fighters Usha Mehta, Vithaldas Kakar, Chandrakant Jhaveri launched their shortlived radio on 3rd September 1942.
  • At the time of Independence, there were six stations at Delhi, Bombay, Calcutta, Madras, Lucknow, and Tiruchirapalli. Four stations were in the princely state of Mysore, Travancore, Hyderabad, and Aurangabad.
  • Vividh Bharti a commercial channel introduced in 2nd October 1957.
  • Yuvavani or voice of youth – 23rd July 1969.
  • In 1st April 1976, DD was delinked from AIR.
  • Fm service was started from Madras and Jalander, 23rd July 1977.
  • AIR’s main source of news 90 regular correspondent in India, seven abroad, 246 part-time, PTI, UNI, UNIVARTA, BASHA, ANI (Asia News International)
  • External service was started in 1939.
  • Worldspace is a Sattellite radio network. provided service to over 170,000 subscribers in eastern and southern Africa, the Middle East, and much of Asia with 96% coming from India.

 

Indian Radio Broadcasting

Indian Broadcasting introduction(Radio)

Radio broadcasting was introduced in India by radio clubs in Calcutta (November 1923), Bombay (June 1923), and Madras (July 1924). The transmission has been done from the roof of Times of India building on August 20th, 1921. The first-ever license has been given for transmitting broadcast was on February 23rd, 1922. Lionel Fielden was the first controller of broadcasting.

  •  In August 1921 The times of India, telegraph and the posts department has been collaborated to broadcast a radio program from Bombay.
  • In 1924 Madras Presidency Radio club was formed.
  • In 1926 Indian broadcasting company has been formed.
  • July 23, 1927, The Bombay station of Indian Broadcasting Company has been started, making the beginning of organized broadcasting in India.
  • 1928, a small transmitting station set up at Lahore by Y.M.C.A
  • April 1st, 1930, broadcasting placed under the direct control of Government and designated “the Indian State Broadcasting service”.
  • In 1931, the government has been decided to close down the Indian broadcasting service.
  • January 1st, 1934, Indian Wireless Telegraphy Act. (1933) came into force.
  • March 1st, 1935, a separate office of the controller of Broadcasting created under the Department of Industries and Labour of the government of India.
  • On 8th June 1936, the Indian State of Broadcasting Service changed to All India Radio (AIR).
  • October 3rd, 1938, introduction to school broadcasting has been started as a regular feature.
  • October 1st, 1939, All India Radio began to give News Bulletins in five Indian languages ( Gujrat, Marathi, Pushto, Tamil, and Telugu) in addition to English Hindustani and Bengali.
  • 24th October 1941, department of information and broadcasting has been set up.
  • 20th March 1943, AIR converted into a permanent organization.
  • November 1947, Jalandhar station was open. Mahatma Gandhi broadcast from Delhi station.
  • October 3rd, 1957, Vividh Bharti inaugurated.
  • January 5th, 1958, Akashvani has been made.
  • 1967, commercial service of AIR was started.
  • July 21st, 1969, Yuva Vani (youth) service has been started at Delhi at separate Channel.
  • August 1st, 1975, SITE ( Settelight Instructional Television) has been inaugurated.
  • April 1st, 1976, Doordarshan was separated from AIR.
  • In 1977 experimental FM (frequency modulation) service was introduced from Madras.
  • In 1980 Frequency modulation transmission introduced from Bombay.
  • August 15, 1984, two daily educational programs of an hour each, sponsored by the University Grants Commission started on television.

 

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